Carbohydrates are one of three foods that give your body energy, the other two are protein and fats.
Together, they provide fuel your body uses to build and repair itself. Carbohydrates break down into glucose (sugar) that the body can use right away.
Your body runs on glucose, your brain must have it to function properly. Carbs are an instant source of fuel. Your body can break down and use fat for some of the same needs but not all. Fat that is used for fuel makes a compound called Ketones, that can raise the level of acid in your blood which may be unhealthy over a period of time.
A good source of carbs are berries, vegetables and whole grains. Whole grains are packed with vitamins, fiber and anti-oxidants that are important for good health. They also provide fatty acids, magnesium, vitamin B, folate and zinc.
Fruits and starchy veggies have some of those nutrients plus phytonutrients ( flavonoids – carotenoids), which may help fight certain diseases.
Sugar, is a pure form of a simple carb. These carbs are especially easy for the body to break down.
They raise blood sugar extremely fast. Simple carbs include, pastries, candy desserts etc.
String together an abundance of simple carbs and you get these larger molecules. Your body must break them down into simple carbs, then to glucose to use them for energy. Your blood sugar goes up much slower and are less likely to changed to fat. Complex carbs include pasta, potatoes, beans and multi grain breads.
How many carbohydrates should I take? This answer has a lot of variables, age, gender, size and daily activity. A general rule for the average person is ½ of daily caloric intake should be from fruits, veggies, grains, beans and dairy.
Go with the health carbs and not the simple ones. STAY HEALTHY.